Social Security Agreement Turkey

Published on 17 December 2020 by in Uncategorized


The agreement between Belgium and Turkey contains detailed rules for the granting of social security benefits. (1) For people registered in the social security system after 1.10.2008. (2) The signatories to the European Convention on Social Security are Austria, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Greece, Luxembourg, Denmark, Malta, France, the Netherlands, Germany, Norway, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Turkey, Sweden, Spain and Portugal. (3) The countries that have concluded a bilateral social security agreement with Turkey are: the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, France, Libya, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Azerbaijan, Romania, Georgia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Quebec , Albania, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovakia, Serbia, South Korea, Italy, Montenegro. Only medical benefits: Turkish citizens who are not covered by social security, including children under the age of 18; Pensioners and beneficiaries of unemployment benefits; Homeless and refugees; and foreigners who have been legally resident in Turkey for at least one year. Belgium has a bilateral social security agreement with Turkey. This agreement may apply to your own situation, the situation of your family members and the situation of your survivors. Contribution rates vary according to the branches mentioned above: if a certain threshold is exceeded, a social security limit is applied. This cap is formulated in the form of 6.5 times the minimum wage. Beyond this threshold, the premium payable remains unchanged. In addition to the employer and worker contributions mentioned above, the Turkish state also contributes to the social security system. The state supports up to a quarter of all premiums collected for the long-term health insurance and general health insurance sectors and 1% for unemployment insurance (which corresponds to the worker`s share). In addition, 5% of employers` share of workers` long-term social security contributions is also subject to private sector employers by the Turkish state, provided that they pay their employees` social security bonuses on time and that they do not have unpaid debts to the social security institution.

In this case, the overall burden of social security contributions increases from 37.5% to 32.5%. Social security premiums are paid monthly and deducted from taxable income. Social security requirements for foreigners A foreigner who does not have social protection elsewhere must be registered by the local employer in the Turkish social security system. Foreign persons who receive social protection in another country, on the other hand, are exempt from social security contributions in Turkey, as long as this is the case; (a) a reciprocal agreement has been signed between Turkey and its country of origin, or b) its country of origin is a party to the European Convention on Social Security. Proof of social security must be presented to the local Social Security Office in Turkey. Under the European Convention on Social Security (2), a worker working in one of the signatory states is subject to the social security system of the country of origin if he is temporarily assigned (for a maximum of 12 months) to another signatory country. If the duration of the transfer is more than 12 months, the foreign worker is subject to the social security system of the host country, unless otherwise agreed by the institution of the host country`s social security. Under bilateral agreements between Turkey and other countries (3), these agreements also set maximum terms for fixed-term contracts and the extension periods for fixed-term contracts.

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