China England Hong Kong Agreement

Posted on 05. Dec, 2020 by in Uncategorized

In March 1979, Hong Kong Governor Murray MacLehose made his first official visit to the People`s Republic of China (PRC) and took the initiative to raise the issue of Hong Kong sovereignty with Deng Xiaoping. [7] Without clarification and definition of the official position of the Government of the People`s Republic of China, it would be difficult to arrange real estate and loan leases in Hong Kong in the next 18 years. [5] The agreement signed in 1984 was to last until 2047. After the agreement, Britain began to introduce a greater degree of democracy to Hong Kong. Hong Kong`s first democratic government was formed in the late 1980s, consisting of functional constituencies and direct elections. The stability of these changes became questionable after the Tiananmen Square incident (Beijing, China, June 3-4, 1989), when an unspecinate number of student protesters were massacred. Half a million people in Hong Kong went to marches to protest. But before Hong Kong returned, Britain and China reached an agreement to introduce “one country, two systems.” Some political analysts felt that an agreement was urgently needed, as there were fears that Hong Kong`s economy would collapse untreated in the 1980s. Concerns about land ownership in the new leased territories also contributed to the problem. Although discussions on Hong Kong`s future began in the late 1970s, the final date of the joint declaration was influenced by factual and economic factors rather than geopolitical imperatives. [9] Hong Kong`s autonomy was guaranteed by the “one country, two systems” agreement enshrined in the Sino-British Declaration signed in 1984 by then-Chinese Prime Minister Zhao Ziyang and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers.

It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. The list includes Hong Kong government officials, members of the legislative and executive councils, presidents of Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and Standard Chartered Bank, prominent businessmen such as Li Ka-shing, Pao Yue-kong and Fok Ying-tung, Martin Lee Chu-ming and Szeto Wah. The signing of the joint declaration caused some controversy in the United Kingdom, as British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher accepted the Chinese Communist government, represented by Deng Xiaoping. [9] In the White Paper containing the Joint Statement, Her Majesty`s Government stated that “the alternative to the adoption of this agreement is not to reach an agreement”, a statement that refuted criticism that the Declaration had made too many concessions to China and highlighted China`s considerable influence during the negotiations. [9] Faced with the increasing openness of the Government of the People`s Republic of China and economic reforms on the continent, Margaret Thatcher, then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, sought the agreement of the People`s Republic of China on the continuation of the British presence on the territory. [12] At the very moment when the atmosphere of the discussions became cordial, the members of the Hong Kong Legislative Council were impatient with the long-standing secrecy of the progress of the Sino-British discussions on the Hong Kong issue.

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