India Iaea Safeguards Agreement

Posted on 10. Dec, 2020 by in Uncategorized

The plutonium for India`s nuclear arsenal comes from the 100 MWt Dhruva research reactor, which was commissioned in 1988. [4] Another 40 CIRUS reactors are produced annually between 4 and 7 kg of military plutonium until it is shut down in 2010 as part of the plan to separate the nuclear cooperation agreement between the United States and India. [5] Spent fuel from reactors is processed at the Trombay plutonium recycling plant, which has a capacity of about 50 tonnes of spent nuclear fuel per year. [6] A prototype 500 MW high-speed reactor (PFBR) in Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu state, southern India, was to be criticized for increasing India`s plutonium production capacity by 2019, but has not yet met that target. Starting in 2021, India plans to build six more PFBR reactors. [8] In the future, other reactors will be subject to IAEA safeguard mechanisms under the newly signed agreement. The safeguard agreement, which is the result of several consultations between India and the IAEA since November 2007, was approved by the IAEA Board of Governors in August 2008. The agreement enters into force on the date the IAEA is informed in writing by India that its legal and/or constitutional conditions for entry into force are met. Atomic Energy Commission President Anil Kakodkar said he was “pleased” with the signing of the agreement. The next immediate step would be to work for the ratification process by the Indian government, he said. The IAEA is currently implementing safeguards for six nuclear reactors in India under safeguard agreements concluded between 1971 and 1994.

In the future, other reactors will be covered by IAEA protection measures under the newly signed agreement. The second step was to provide the UN Nuclear Control Agency with a statement on the facilities that will be placed under protection and timing, he said. India has already placed six of its reactors under various protection agreements, including Tarapur units one and two in Maharashtra, units one and two in Kota (RAPS), Rajasthan and two units of Koodankulam, Tamil Nadu, which will be placed under the roof of the IVSS after the ratification of the inspection agreement. The ISSA will enable the implementation of intergovernmental agreements (with Russia, the United States and France). Now she has to make a cabinet sign and then move on to ratification. India`s 1974 nuclear test was condemned by many countries in violation of the peaceful exploitation agreements that served as the basis for the transfer of nuclear technology and equipment supplied by the United States and Canada, and was an important factor in the formation of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG). [27] However, due to international concern about the military consequences of its nuclear explosion, India did not follow the 1974 test with subsequent tests and did not immediately arm the design of the aircraft it had tested. [28] Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi authorized the arming of India`s nuclear capability in the late 1980s in response to Pakistan`s oblique nuclear threats following the Brasstacks crisis from 1986 to 1987. [29] [30] At the same time, India continued to support nuclear disarmament efforts.

In 1988, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi presented to the UN General Assembly an action plan for a world order free of nuclear weapons and violence.

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